Urologists are doctors who specialize in the medical and surgical treatment of diseases, neoplasms, deformities, and injuries related to the urinary tract. They also deal with the male organs (penis, testes, scrotum, prostate) and surrounding structures.
If you have any problems with these organs urologist online, you should see a urologist. They can help treat them so you can get back to living a healthy life.
1. You have a UTI
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of your bladder, urethra or ureters. UTIs are most often caused by bacteria, but can also be caused by viruses or fungi.
A UTI causes symptoms ranging from a strong or intense need to urinate to blood in your urine and painful pee. Symptoms may also include an upset stomach and throwing up, fever and chills, pain in your lower back or ribs or a kidney stone.
The good news is that most UTIs are treatable with antibiotics. But some people develop recurrent (frequent) UTIs, which require more aggressive treatment.
2. You have urinary incontinence
Urinary incontinence is a common problem that affects millions of people. It can be caused by a number of different things, including aging and certain medical conditions.
It can be embarrassing to talk about it with your doctor, but you should not ignore the symptoms of urinary incontinence. They may be able to help you manage the problem and improve your quality of life.
GPs can help with the diagnosis of urinary incontinence, and they often perform pelvic examinations to see if there is any pelvic floor muscle or sphincter weakness. They can also recommend other tests.
Symptoms can be caused by many different issues, such as pregnancy and menopause, bladder problems, kidney disease, urinary tract infections (UTIs), or weakened pelvic muscles. It’s important to see a urology specialist if you have any of these symptoms.
3. You have a kidney stone
Kidney stones can form when your kidneys cannot reabsorb certain substances in your urine (such as calcium, oxalate, uric acid or cystine) or when they aren’t working well. These conditions increase your risk of having stones, but they can also be prevented by changing your diet and taking medications that help keep the ureter open so it’s easier for urine to pass out of the kidneys.
A urologist can diagnose and treat kidney stones by performing testing that will help your doctor find out why they’re forming. Your doctor will also give you advice on preventing future stones.
4. You have low testosterone
Testosterone is a male sex hormone that stimulates the growth of body and facial hair, deepens the voice and increases muscle mass. It also helps a man develop sperm.
A man’s testosterone levels naturally drop with age, starting around age 30 to 40. Men who have low testosterone may notice less energy, decreased libido (sex drive), erectile dysfunction or difficulty sleeping.
Urologists use blood tests to diagnose low testosterone. These tests are done by a certified laboratory and should be performed on 2 different days.
The blood test measures testosterone in a sample of your blood drawn first thing in the morning while you’re fasting to get an accurate reading. Your urologist also may do other tests to find the cause of your low testosterone.
5. You have a bladder or kidney cancer
Urologists treat a wide range of issues, including problems with the urinary tract and prostate gland. They also help with problems related to the reproductive organs and adrenal glands.
Kidney cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow in the kidney tissue. Most kidney tumors are diagnosed early, before they can spread to other parts of the body.
When a urologist suspects a bladder or kidney cancer, they may ask about your health history and physical exam. They may also order blood tests and other tests that can help them make a diagnosis.
Urothelial carcinoma (cancer that starts in the cells of the lining of your kidney and bladder) is the most common type of kidney cancer, accounting for about 10% to 15% of all kidney cancers diagnosed in adults. It can be aggressive, affecting your muscle tissues and causing pain and urinary incontinence.